Tuesday, 25 July 2017

Do you know ?? Colorectal cancer is 90% treatable when caught early...

Colorectal cancer is also known as bowel, colon or rectal cancer. It is caused due to a tumor present in the colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer may be benign or malignant. Benign means the tumor will not spread, while a malignant tumor consists of cells that can spread to other parts of the body and damage them.


Symptoms of colorectal cancer

The following are the symptoms of colorectal cancer:
  • Going to the toilet more often
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • A feeling that the bowel does not empty properly after a bowel movement
  • Blood in feces
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Bloating of the abdomen
  • A feeling of fullness in the abdomen 
  • Vomiting
  • Inexplicable weight loss

Causes of colorectal cancer

The risk factors for colorectal cancer are:
  • Being elder - the older you are the higher is the risk
  • A diet that is very high in animal protein, saturated fats, dietary fiber, calories and alcohol consumption
  • Women who have had breast, ovary and uterus cancers
  •  A family history of colorectal cancer
  • Patients with ulcerative colitis
  • Being overweight/obese
  • Smoking
  • Presence of polyps in the colon/rectum. Untreated polyps may eventually become cancerous.

Treatments for colorectal cancer

Treatment options include:
  • Surgery for colorectal cancer
The affected malignant tumors and any lymph nodes that are nearby will be removed. Surgeons remove lymph nodes because they are the first place cancers tend to spread to.
  • Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy involves using a medicine to destroy the cancerous cells. It may be used before surgery as an attempt to shrink the tumor.
  • Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy uses high energy radiation beams to destroy the cancer cells, and also to prevent them from multiplying.

Guru Multispecialty Hospital is one of the best cancer care centers in India with modern technologies. It is one of the largest cancer centers in Tamil Nadu – with a unique commitment to providing world-class cancer care to everyone in need.

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