Thursday, 30 August 2018

Different Treatment Options For Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is one of the commonest cancers and is also the leading contributor to cancer-related mortality, resulting in 1.40 million cancer deaths per year globally. It accounts for 15 per cent of all new cancer cases and 20 per cent of all cancer-related deaths worldwide. In India, lung cancer constitutes 10 per cent of all cancer related deaths in both sexes and 7 per cent of all new cancer cases.

What are the treatment options for lung cancer?

Guru Hospital provides different treatment options for lung cancer. It includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, cryotherapy, and photodynamic therapy.



Surgical treatment for Lung cancer is an option for patients depending on the type, stage and location of their cancer as well as other medical conditions. The surgery for lung cancer will take away the tumour together with some nearby lung tissues. When the cancer is localized and unlikely to have spread, then removing the tumour with lung cancer surgery is considered the best option. This includes carcinoid tumours and early stage non-small cell lung cancers. 


Photodynamic therapy:

Photodynamic therapy (also called PDT or light activating treatment) is a bronchoscopy procedure and uses a photosensitizer and laser irradiation to produce reactive oxygen in cells to destroy cancer cells and treat symptomatic tissues. Photodynamic therapy is a good option for treating bronchoscopically visible lung cancers that haven't spread beyond the lungs. As an endobronchial therapy, Photodynamic therapy is used to treat roentgenographically occult, endobronchial, or synchronous primary carcinomas.



Also called Cryosurgery. This is a technique, that kills cancer cells by freezing them. In this technique extreme cold is produced by liquid nitrogen (or argon gas).  Hollow steel probes (Cryoprobes) are placed inside the region affected by cancer. Through the probes, liquid nitrogen is then circulated which freezes the cancer cells, creating a ball of ice crystals around the probe. Finally, heated nitrogen is circulated through the probes once adequate ice crystals are formed. After the procedure, the frozen tissue thaws, dissolves and either it forms a scab (for external tumours) or it is naturally absorbed by the body (for internal tumours). Cryosurgery is minimally invasive so pain, bleeding, and other complications of surgery are minimized. Cryosurgery is also less expensive than other treatments and requires a shorter hospital stay and shorter recovery time.


Radiation therapy or radiotherapy:

Radiotherapy treatment delivers high-energy x-rays that can annihilate rapidly dividing cancer cells. In addition to destroying the tumour cells, radiotherapy can help to relieve some of the symptoms the tumour causes such as shortness of breath. Radiotherapy is used alone or combined with chemotherapy depending on the condition of patients. 



This involves usage of cytotoxic (anti-cancer) drugs that are toxic to cancer cells. This is used to slow or stop the growth of rapidly dividing cancer cells in the body. It is considered as primary treatment option to destroy or shrink the tumor before starting another treatment.

Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is a multispecialty hospital which has an all-inclusive cancer care center with state-of-the-art technologies. This is one of the leading centres for Lung cancer cure therapy in Tamil Nadu – with an exceptional commitment to provide outstanding cancer care to everyone in need. They are offering the best lung cancer treatment in India for all types of lung cancers with highly qualified doctors efficient in Lung cancer diagnosis and treatment. In addition to being the largest cancer center in Tamil Nadu, Guru Hospital also functions as a top-notch research hub and training centre in oncology.
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