Monday, 11 December 2017

Lung Cancer Types and Treatment

What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is the major cause of the cancer deaths in the world. The major risk factor for developing lung cancer is cigarette smoking. Passive smoking (passive exposure to smoke) is also causes lung cancer. 

Types of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer can occur in two types
  • Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 

What are the treatments method used in lung cancer?

Treatment for lung cancer includes:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Immunotherapy

What Treatment methods non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) includes?

The treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is different for each stage, it is depends on the patient health conditions. Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai provides excellent treatment facilities for lung cancer.

Stage 1 NSCLC includes surgery to eliminate effected portion of the lung. Sometimes chemotherapy is also recommended. 

Stage 2 NSCLC includes elimination of full lung portion. Chemotherapy is also recommended in some cases.

Stage 3 NSCLC includes the combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Stage 4 NSCLC is hard to cure and includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

What types of surgeries is recommended in NSCLC?

NSCLC treatment may include following surgery types

  • Lobectomy
  • Segmentectomy
  • A wedge resection 
  • Pneumonectomy

What is radiation therapy?

Radiation therapy helps in destroying cancer cells by using high beam x-rays or other particles. Radiation oncologist is trained to give radiation therapy to cure cancer patients.

What is chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy uses drugs to eliminate cancer cells by blocking their ability to grow and divide. Chemotherapy is consisting of several sessions which are based of the cancer stage. Some drugs that are used in chemotherapy are carboplatin, docetaxel, paclitaxel, and vinorelbine. 

Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai has all the advanced techniques and infrastructure to treat lung cancer. The hospital also provides best physiotherapy facilities.

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Tuesday, 14 November 2017

Don't Let Cancer eat your Stomach

When cancerous cell form in the lining of the stomach it is called stomach cancer. Stomach cancer is highly dangerous as it is difficult to diagnose at the early stage.

Signs & Symptoms of Stomach Cancer

It is very difficult to detect in the initial stage. But with the advancement of cancer, following symptoms arise:
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Frequent heartburn and indigestion
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Fluid accumulation in the stomach
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Stomach pain which worsens after meals
  • Bloody stool 
  • Jaundice 
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Anemia

Diagnosis & Treatment of Stomach Cancer

The disease can be diagnosed via physical exam, laboratory tests like blood and urine tests, imaging procedures such as X-ray and CT scans and genetic tests. The treatment aims to cure cancer and prevents its spreading to other parts of the body.

The main treatments for stomach cancer includes:
Chemotherapy: It is a treatment method using chemical drugs called cytotoxic medicines to stop rapidly growing cancer cells from multiplying. These medicines travel throughout the patient’s body and attack cancer cells.
Radiation therapy: In this therapy, certain energy rays are used to target and kill cancerous cells. 
Surgery: This treatment takes out tumors from the stomach lining. Sometimes a part of the stomach is surgically removed. Total gastrectomy the whole stomach is surgically removed. 

Affordable and effective Cancer Cure Treatment is available at Guru Multispeciality Hospital, Madurai, India. The treatment at the hospital is pioneered by the skillful expertise of Dr. Balamurugan. The highly dedicated team of doctors and the paramedical staffs with a patient-friendly environment makes the hospital best among others. Highly sophisticated technologies are used in the laboratory and imaging wing. 

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Wednesday, 4 October 2017

Treat Lung Cancer and Save Life

Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer which leads cancer deaths in the men and women all over the world.

Causes of Lung Cancer

The major cause of lung cancer is cigarette smoking. Daily cigarettes smokers are at the greater risk of having lung cancer. Asbestos exposure, radiation, and high level of pollution may also increase the risk of lung cancer.

How Lung Cancer is Diagnosed?

Lung cancer is not usually diagnosed at an early stage as its early symptoms are cold and cough which is quite common in most people. Mostly, people misdiagnosed the symptoms and notice only the advanced stage of lung cancer. By that time, tumors in the lungs grow large and not able to treat or remove.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

The common symptoms of lung cancer are:

  • Persistent chest pain
  • Constant and worse cough
  • Blood in  cough
  • Breathing shortness, hoarseness, and wheezing
  • Swelling on the face and neck area
  • Repeated suffering with bronchitis or pneumonia
  • Weight loss or loss of appetite
  • Fatigue

Lung Cancer Treatment

The treatment of lung cancer depends on the stage, type and its level of advancement.

Treatment of lung cancer include:

In the targeted therapy, some specific substances are used to attack and destroy cancer cells without affecting normal cells. There are many factors that also increase the chances of lung cancer.

They are:
  • Smoking
  • Contact with secondhand smoke
  • Contact with radon gas
  • Contact with asbestos and other carcinogens
  • Family history

Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai ,Best known for there cancer treatment and other services, is one among the best providers of Lung Cancer treatments in TamilNadu,Chennai.
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Tuesday, 19 September 2017

Cancer Prevention Treatment - Prevention is always better than cure

Cancer prevention treatment basically depends on the type and stage of cancer, its potential of reoccurring, health condition, age, and other personal and genetic characteristics. There is no specific treatment for cancer.

Cancer prevention treatment

The treatment for cancer is generally a combination of several therapies and palliative care. The cancer prevention treatment includes:
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radio therapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immune therapy
  • Gene therapy

Cancer prevention treatment also includes lifestyle and dietary changes. The use of tobacco is directly associated with many of cancer types. Smoking and tobacco use increases the chances of kidney, lung, neck, head, and bladder cancer.

The excess intake of alcohol increases the chances of a liver, esophageal, neck, and head cancer. The excess intake of fatty food increases the chances of colon and breast cancer. Excess sun exposure increases the chances of skin cancer.

Use of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs lower the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Cervical cancers can be detected by Papanicolaou (Pap) tests.

Vaccination also prevents from certain types of cancers such as cervical cancer, anal cancer, and head and neck cancer.

The risk of developing cancer is reduced by making lifestyle changes such as:
  • Increase intake of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Increase intake of whole grain foods
  • Be active physically and mentally
  • By avoiding use of tobacco or smoking
  • By avoiding use of carcinogenic agents such as asbestos
  • By avoiding excess exposure to sunlight
  • By avoiding alcohol intake
  • By avoiding hormonal therapy
  • Controlled intake of high-fat food such as meat
  • Controlled intake of processed food
  • Keep controlled body weight

Early detection of cancerous cells also helps to fight cancer. Cancer prevention treatment is based on the systematic screening of detecting small tumors and irregularities as soon as possible.

Some common prevention methods include self-examination of the breast, mammograms, self-examination of testicular, and Pap smears for the screening of various cancers.

Guru cancer center, Madurai has a team of qualified and experienced doctors to treat cancer patients. The canter provides cancer prevention treatment with the help of latest technologies and methods.
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Monday, 14 August 2017

Know More About Stomach and Oesophagus Cancer..

The stomach and oesophagus are part of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the digestive system. The oesophagus is a long tube like structure that transport fluids, food and saliva from the mouth and throat to the stomach. The stomach is a muscular hallow part in the upper side of the abdomen which is located between the end of the oesophagus and the starting of the small intestine. Stomach and oesophagus cancers are malignant type of tumors and started from the mucosa.


 Oesophageal cancer

Oesophageal cancer can occur anywhere in various types of cells present in the oesophagus. The main types of oesophagus cancer are
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
Oesophageal cancer can grow into the nearby organs and structures. It most commonly spread into the liver and lymph nodes. It can also block the wind pipe, lungs and the heart lining.

Stomach cancer

Stomach (Gastric) cancer is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells occur in the stomach lining of the upper stomach (abdomen) which is responsible for digestion of food. Most of the stomach cancers are initiated from the cells that are producing mucus and other fluids and known as adenocarcinomas. Other kinds of stomach cancer are gastrointestinal stromal tumour, gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor, and lymphomas. 


Symptoms of Stomach and Oesophageal cancer

The common symptoms of stomach and oesophageal cancer are 
  • difficulties in swallowing
  • bloody vomiting
  • bloody stools
  • nausea
  • jaundice
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • regular heartburn
  • constant bloating
  • stomach pain after having the meal and extreme fatigue.
Diagnosis of the stomach and oesophageal cancer can be performed by an upper GI endoscopy, biopsy and Imaging tests such as CT scans and X-ray.

Treatment Options For Cancer

The treatment methods of stomach and oesophageal cancer are
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immuno therapy such as mediation and vaccines
  • Stomach surgery
Guru cancer center, Madurai is the best cancer diagnosis and treatment center in Tamil Nadu. The center provides best treatment facilities and has experienced doctors to treat stomach and esophageal cancer.  The clinic has an efficient and qualified team of doctors that provide effective treatment for cancer.
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Tuesday, 25 July 2017

Do you know ?? Colorectal cancer is 90% treatable when caught early...

Colorectal cancer is also known as bowel, colon or rectal cancer. It is caused due to a tumor present in the colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer may be benign or malignant. Benign means the tumor will not spread, while a malignant tumor consists of cells that can spread to other parts of the body and damage them.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

The following are the symptoms of colorectal cancer:
  • Going to the toilet more often
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • A feeling that the bowel does not empty properly after a bowel movement
  • Blood in feces
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Bloating of the abdomen
  • A feeling of fullness in the abdomen 
  • Vomiting
  • Inexplicable weight loss

Causes of colorectal cancer

The risk factors for colorectal cancer are:
  • Being elder - the older you are the higher is the risk
  • A diet that is very high in animal protein, saturated fats, dietary fiber, calories and alcohol consumption
  • Women who have had breast, ovary and uterus cancers
  •  A family history of colorectal cancer
  • Patients with ulcerative colitis
  • Being overweight/obese
  • Smoking
  • Presence of polyps in the colon/rectum. Untreated polyps may eventually become cancerous.

Treatments for colorectal cancer

Treatment options include:
  • Surgery for colorectal cancer
The affected malignant tumors and any lymph nodes that are nearby will be removed. Surgeons remove lymph nodes because they are the first place cancers tend to spread to.
  • Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy involves using a medicine to destroy the cancerous cells. It may be used before surgery as an attempt to shrink the tumor.
  • Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy uses high energy radiation beams to destroy the cancer cells, and also to prevent them from multiplying.

Guru Multispecialty Hospital is one of the best cancer care centers in India with modern technologies. It is one of the largest cancer centers in Tamil Nadu – with a unique commitment to providing world-class cancer care to everyone in need.
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Wednesday, 7 June 2017

Lymphoma Treatment : One Step Closer To Cure

The cancer of the lymphatic system is known as Lymphoma. The human lymphatic system is developed from the white blood cells. This system is known as lymphocyte. Lymphocyte is situated in lymph nodes, tonsils, spleen, and bone marrow. The lymphatic system helps body to fight with infection and disease. 

There are two types of lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL)


  • Swelling on lymph glands
  • Lymph node enlargement (superior vena cava syndrome)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Abnormal sweating
  • Chest pain, coughing
  • Abdominal pain

Tests To Diagnose Lymphoma Include

  • Physical examination
  • Urine and blood tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Taking a sample of lymph node tissue for testing
  • Looking for cancer cells in the bone marrow
Lymphoma treatments

There are many types of lymphoma. The treatment method is purely depends on the three main things

It is good to consult with the doctor about the suitable treatment method and its benefits. After the treatment, the patient may experience fatigue, nasal congestion, mild discomfort, and sometimes bleeding. But following the doctor instructions carefully may reduce the all possible side effects. 
Guru hospital, Madurai has a prominent name in the lymphoma treatments. The doctors of the hospital are highly skilled, helpful, experienced and devoted to their work. The hospital has a patient centric approach. It is recommended that treatment should be performed in the supervision of a qualified and experienced surgeon as it is a life changing process which helps in providing a better life.


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Tuesday, 16 May 2017

Be Aware Of Breast Cancer..

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops from breast cells. Breast cancer usually starts in the inner lining of milk ducts or lobules that supply them milk. A malignant tumor can also spread to other parts of the body. A breast cancer that takes place in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma & the one that developed from the ducts is called ductal carcinoma. 

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females universally. It is 16% of all female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in females. 18.2% of all cancer deaths globally, including both males and females, are due to breast cancer.


 What Are The Symptoms?

  • A lump in any of the breasts
  • Pain in the armpits or any of the breasts that isn’t related to the woman's menstrual cycle
  • Redness or pitting of the skin of the breast
  • A rash around one of the nipples
  • A lump in one of the armpits
  • One of the nipples has a discharge which may contain blood
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become inverted or sunken
  • The size or the shape of any breast changes
  • The breast-skin or nipple-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.

How Is It Treated?

Most women with breast cancer will have to go through some type of surgery to remove the tumor. It depends on the type of breast cancer and how advanced it is, you could need other types of treatment as well, either prior or post surgery, or sometimes in both cases. Usually, treatment plans are centered on the type of breast cancer, its stage, and any special situations.

Types Of Breast Cancer

  • Invasive breast cancer
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ 
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ 
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Breast cancer in the course of pregnancy
Your treatment plan will rest on on other factors as well, including your general health and personal preferences.

Breast Cancer is the reason of innumerable number of deaths around the world and it should be handled very professionally at every stage. Guru Multispecialty Hospital in Madurai provides quality treatment for all kinds of cancers.

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Tuesday, 4 April 2017

Get Treated for Kidney Cancer at the Earliest

Kidney Cancer (renal cancer) is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant and grow out of control, forming tumors. Almost all kidney cancers appear in the lining of tiny tubes in the kidney first. This kind of kidney cancer is called renal cell carcinoma. The fact is that most of kidney cancers are treatable if diagnosed before they spread to distant organs.

What are the Symptoms?

In many cases, people may have no initial symptoms of kidney cancer. As the tumor grows larger, symptoms might appear. You may have one or more of these symptoms:
  • Blood In the urine
  • A lump in your abdomen or side
  • An appetite loss
  • Pain in your sides that doesn't go away
  • Weight Loss that occurs for no apparent reason
  • Fever that lasts for days and isn't caused by a cold or other infection
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Anemia
  • Swelling in your legs or ankles

How is it Treated?

Surgery : Depending on the location and stage of the cancer, surgery may remove either the cancer along with some of the surrounding kidney tissue

Ablation and other local therapies :  Approaches such as Cryotherapy, Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and Arterial embolization can  be used to destroy kidney tumors in people  who are too sick to have a surgery

Active surveillance : This approach is used in patients with small kidney tumors

Radiation therapy : Treatment uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells

Targeted therapy : These Targeted drugs can often slow or shrink the growth of the cancer for a time.

Immunotherapy (biologic therapy) :  It boost the body’s immune system to help destroy or fight off cancer cells.

Chemotherapy : Anti-cancer drugs are injected in to blood and reach all areas of the body. It is useful to treat cancer that has spread to organs beyond the kidney.

With its state of the art facilities & equipments, Guru Hospital, situated in Chennai is one of the best hospitals to get treated for kidney cancer.
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Friday, 31 March 2017

Do You Know The Reason For Skin Cancer ???

Skin cancer can be defined as the growth of abnormal skin cells. It is a commonly found type of cancer and is characterised by locally destructive malign or cancerous growth. The cancer generally arises between the deeper layers of the skin and the superficial top layer and later spreads to other layers.

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Melanoma
Of these, basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer found, closely followed by squamous cell carcinoma which occupies a second place in its incidence. Squamous cell carcinoma originates from the skin cells. Melanoma is the most dangerous and life threatening variety and is said to originate from melanocytes, the skin cells that produce pigments.
  • Over exposure to sun light

Over exposure to sunlight increase the exposure to ultra violet rays that are known to be a major contributor to skin cancers. Activities like frequent tanning are known to increase the probability to this disease. People living at elevated locations or near the equator are known to be more exposed to UV radiation.
  • Immuno-suppression

A highly suppressed immune system from certain medications or infections are also said to cause skin cancer. Cancerous growth can arise in scars and burns when these are exposed to radiations or certain chemicals as well.
Treatment for skin cancer is based on the type of cancer, age of the patient, location of cancer and the intensity or penetration of the disease. If detected and treated early, skin cancer does not cause any underlying damage and can be cured fully. The treatment procedures for treating skin involves the following.
  • Laser surgery
  • Micrographic surgery
  • Electro surgery
  • Photo Dynamic Therapy
  • Cryosurgery
  • Excisional surgery
  • Radiation
  • Topical Medication
Skin cancer can be prevented by limiting sun light exposure during the peak sunny times, using sunscreen before going out in the sun and so on.

Guru Hospital is a leading multispecialty centre specialised in various advanced and comprehensive oncology treatment procedures.
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Wednesday, 1 February 2017

Are You Suffering from A Persistent Cough ?

Lung Cancer is a type of cancer which begins in the lungs. The lungs are two spongy organs in the chest that take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer usually increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes smoked.

Lung cancer doesn't cause signs and symptoms in its early stages. Signs and symptoms of lung cancer usually occur only when the disease is advanced.

Signs and symptoms of lung cancer includes:
  • Severe cough that doesn't go away.
  • Spots of blood in the cough.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain.
  • Wheezing.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Congestion in the chest.
  • Headache.

Nearly 80 % of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. Lung cancer also occurs in people who never smoked and in those who never had prolonged exposure to second-hand smoke. In these cases, there may be no clear cause of lung cancer. other risk factors of the lung cancer are exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens and one with the family history of lung cancer.

Lung Cancers are divided into two types based on the way the cells look under a microscope. they are:
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Non-small cell lung cancer

Stage I : Cancer is limited to the lungs and hasn't spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage II : The tumour at this stage may have grown larger than 2 inches, or it may involve nearby structures such as the chest wall, the diaphragm or the lining around the lungs. Cancer may also have spread to the nearby lymph nodes.
Stage III : The tumour at this stage may have grown very large and hampered other organs near the lungs.
Stage IV : Cancer has spread beyond the affected lung to the other lung or to distant areas of the body.
Cancer treatment plan is based on a number of factors, such as the patient's overall health, the type and stage of cancer and preferences. Options typically include one or more treatments like surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or targeted drug therapy.
Guru Multispecialty Hospital, Madurai is a comprehensive cancer centre with state-of-the-art technologies. It is one of the largest cancer centres in Tamil Nadu with a unique commitment to provide world-class cancer care to everyone in need.

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Wednesday, 25 January 2017

All You Need to Know About Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of the abnormal skin cells. When unrepaired DNA damages to skin cells it triggers mutations, genetic effects that lead the skin cells to multiply fast and form malignant tumor. There are three types of skin cancer known as Squamous cell carcinoma (Second most common), Basal cell carcinoma (Most common) and melanoma(Rare).

Basal cell carcinoma forms in any part of the skin which is highly exposed to the sun. It is not metastatic in nature (will not spread from one part to another), the tumor starts as small shiny bumps usually on the face particularly on the nose area. It usually grows very slowly and a person has an increased chance of risk if he/she appears on heavy sunlight.
Squamous cell carcinoma This causes due to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells arising in the squamous cells. It often looks like red patches, open sores, warts. SSC may occur in any part of the body including mucous membrane and genitals and mostly sun-exposed areas will be having an increased risk of SSC such as the bald scalp, arms, legs, neck, face and lower lip.
Melanoma is the serious type of skin cancer. The signs of melanoma are changes in the skin shape, color, size and they have black-blue patches. It also appears as a new mold which may be black, abnormal in size.
Too much of exposure to sunlight induces skin cancer. People who use tanning beds have the higher risk of exposing to Squamous cell carcinoma. The skin cancer might develop from ulcers, burns, long-standing sores and the areas which were previously exposed to certain chemical or X-rays. Chronic infection and skin inflammation also leads skin cancer.
Every cancer is curable if it is detected earlier. There are some normal activities which we can follow to avoid skin cancer
  • Avoiding overexposure to sunlight, chemicals, radioactive material
  • Avoid Tanning and UV tanning
  • Use Sun Proof lotion or cream before going out
  • Do not expose to burning
  • Monthly examine your body from head to toe

Early detection of cancer can be treated without any threats. If it is left untreated it may spread to underlying tissues. The treatment choice depends on the size, location, type and the depth of tumor penetration as well as the patients’ age and health. The generally offering treatments are:
  •  Topical Medications
  • Radiation
  • Laser Surgery
  • Cryosurgery
  • Micrographic Surgery
  • Excisional Surgery
  • Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Guru Multispecialty Hospital
offers the best Treatment for skin cancer in Madurai with help of a dedicated team.

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