Thursday, 28 January 2016

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Gynecological Cancer

Gynecologiccancer occurs in the female reproductive system. This cancer is of various types including:fallopian tubes, cervix, ovary, uterus, vagina, and vulva. Risk factors for this form of cancer are growing day by day. 

The most common type of gynecologic cancer is uterine cancer. Nearly 40 percent of cancers are related to diseases of the uterus. Typically, cells play an important role in determining cancer. All organs and tissues in the body are made up of tiny cells. These cells undergo a constant process of withering away and replace new cells. This overall process is carried out by them, but if there is a failure in their life cycle, there is a chance of cancer.

Swelling occurs due to excessive formation of cells in the body. There are two types of tumors - benign tumor and a malignant tumor. A benign tumor may cause damage to adjacent organs, if it grows continuously at one place. The cancer spreads throughout the body and affects all organs of the human body.

Since the causes of this disease of the reproductive system is not fully defined, you can list only the main risk factors, which are listed below.

• Age plays a key role in determining breast cancer. People older than 40 years, as a rule, faced with this problem.

• Family history: gynecological cancer can be transmitted genetically. Therefore, you should have regular check-ups to reduce the risk of breast cancer.

• Changes in genes, gene changes will increase the risk factor for breast cancer. Changes in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 cause gynecological cancer.

• Lack of physical activity: Yes, lack of physical activity increases the chances of breast cancer in women because of the excess weight fat dairy lymph nodes. It should participate in regular training sessions to reduce the risk of breast cancer.

• Overweight: weight often indicates a weak immune system. For example, women with problems of obesity are more likely to develop gynecologic cancer.

• Smoking / Alcohol: Smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol increases the risk factors of gynecologic cancer. Therefore, you should avoid them.

• Breast density: Due to dense breast tissue chances of gynecological cancer are increasing.

• Diethylstilbestrol: Women who take this drug during pregnancy, will have more chances to develop gynecologic cancer.

• Radiation therapy: Women who undergo radiation therapy at a young age are more likely to face breast cancer after 40 years.

The symptoms of gynecologic cancer

• Persistent cough

• Changes in bowel habits

• Blood in the stool

• Unexplained anemia

• Chest pain

• Pain in the ovaries

• Changes in urination

• Blood in the urine

• Hoarseness

• Swollen glands

• Stomach upset

• unusual vaginal bleeding

• Unusual weight loss

• Fever

• Heavy sweating

• Continued itching in the anus

• Sores on the inside of the intimate

• Headache

• Backache

• Pelvic pain and bloating.

Treatment for gynecologic cancer

Surgery: Surgery is the most common type of cancer treatment. Depending on the severity of gynecological cancer, a decision to accept the attending physician.

Gynecologic sparing surgery: This operation is performed to remove only the cancer but not the whole of the reproductive system. So, this is called gynecological sparing surgery. The physician makes a small incision to know whether the cells have entered the lymphatic system. After this treatment the patient is undergoing radiation therapy to kill any remaining cancer cells.

Mastectomy: It is in this process removes all the tumor along with lymph nodes. After this process operation patient undergoes radiation therapy to completely destroy cancer cells.

Chemotherapy: This treatment is given in the early stages of tumors. Chemotherapy is one of the methods of treatment used to destroy cancer cells, whereby the drugs are used. This process is carried out by taking the pills or via intravascular injection. Cancer drug enters the bloodstream and moves in the direction of the damaged tissue, stopping their unusual growth.

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